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Advocates across Jamaica and worldwide are determined to support programs, policies, and strategies to End Domestic Violence before people become victims and perpetrators. It is important for the government to support future research efforts on how to educate and train communities to increase awareness and prevent Domestic Violence in Jamaica. Other prevention strategies include intervening and providing support and counseling. There are three (3) levels of prevention, Primary, Secondary, and Tertiary Prevention.

Primary Prevention

Primary Prevention addressed the root cause of Domestic Violence and stop it from happening. Numerous research studies have shown that Domestic Violence is preventable. As a nation we must collaborate to address social, environmental, and structural determinants of health—because improving how we live, learn, work, and play can prevent Domestic Violence, as well as enhance our overall health and wellness. Some of the many examples of primary prevention are:

  • Build stronger communities by creating opportunities to get to know and trust each other

    • increase access to quality affordable housing, education, employment, healthcare, healthy food, and safe spaces for play and recreation

    • ensure that our environments and relationships support our overall health and wellness

  • End gender inequity

    • Empower Girls Young Women

    • Empower Men and Boys

    • Develop gender-neutral health relationships based on equality and respect

    • Build communication and conflict resolution skills

  • Create a culture change in Jamaica

    • Promote healthy behavior through public awareness campaigns

    • Transform our organizational practices and policies to create safe and healthy homes and workplaces

    • Become more media conscious by questioning our culture’s unhealthy messages about gender and violence and encourage others—especially young people—to do the same

    • Get involved in social justice movements through online campaigns and local community efforts

    • Support young people by creating opportunities for them to become community leaders.

Secondary Prevention

Secondary Prevention aims at reducing the impact of Domestic Violence that has already begun in order to stop it from happening again.

  • Home visitation programs

  • Support groups

  • Shelter

  • Counseling

  • Safety planning

  • Protective orders

Tertiary Prevention

Tertiary Prevention reduces long-term negative effects after Domestic Violence. This includes ongoing support to victims and their children and ensuring the abuser is held accountable. Tertiary prevention programs help victims and their families heal so that they may never experience abuse again and not only punish abusers but force them to get education and training to prevent future acts of violence. 

  • Police intervention

  • Restraining order

  • Counseling

  • Support groups for Victims

  • Batterers Intervention Programs for abusers

  • Shelter

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